AIR BORNE

Public Art for the Aerodynamic Park of the Science City Berlin-Adlershof

Picture Stefan Krüskemper

Adlershof is a district in the borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin, Germany. The area known today as the »City of Science, Technology and Media«, was once known as the Johannisthal Air Field, located 10 miles southeast of Berlin. Germany’s first motorized aircraft took off from here at the beginning of the 20th century. It opened on 26 September 1909. Albatros, Fokker, Rumpler and Wright made Adlershof-Johannisthal famous. In 1912 the German Experimental Institute for Aviation (Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt – DVL) made Adlershof its headquarters. Laboratories, motor test beds, wind tunnels and hangars were erected in the 20s and 30s and are historical landmarks today.

Adlershof is particularly well known for a series of competitions between various fighter aircraft designs that were held there starting in 1918. This was the first time the pilots themselves were asked for their input into the selection process; they resoundingly asked for higher speed as opposed to manuverability, which the Idflieg had always assumed was most important.

The first of these contests, held in January 1918, led to the Fokker D.VII winning the competition and going on to become one of Germany’s most feared planes. A second competition in May and June led to the acceptance of several of the main contest entries, the Pfalz D.XII, Fokker E.V, Junkers D.I and Siemens-Schuckert D.IV, the later of which is considered by many to be Germany’s best design of the war. All three were put into production largely in order to make up for the slow production of the Fokkers, although only the Pfalz design could be found in any number. A final war-time contest in October was too late to have any effect on the war effort. Even after the war the process continued, with a fourth competition between February and May 1919, but the signing of the Versailles Treaty ended all military aircraft work in Germany.

After World War II, the airport was closed and three institutions determined from then on Adlershof’s destiny: The Ministry of State Security (MfS) stationed its 12,000 strong Guard Regiment there. In 1952 East Germany’s National Television began broadcasting from Adlershof. And the East German Academy of Science was established with nine scientific institutes in the fields of physics and chemistry. »Scientific Equipment Engineering« with its approx. 1,700 workers developed and produced a majority of East Germany’s research equipment.

After German reunification, the guard regiment was dissolved and the fate of the Academy was sealed by the German Unification Treaty: The research facilities of the Academy were subjected to an evaluation marathon by the German Science Council (Wissenschaftsrat), which established that there were about 1,500 Academy employees who ought to be placed in new research structures. For the rest of the former employees, it was recommended that they either find new jobs or start their own companies. So of the 250 newly founded companies, approx 100 were founded by ex-academy workers.

In September 1991 the State of Berlin founded the »Adlershof Development Society« (EGA), from which WISTA-MANAGEMENT GMBH emerged in 1994. In 1992 the Berlin Senate decided to establish an "integrated scientific and business landscape" on the Adlershof site and made building investments amounting to about 230 million Euros. The goal was to bring together the synergies from science and industry, innovation to market. To encourage innovative businesses to settle here, modern specialised centres were established on the premises, some in reconstructed old buildings, and others in new buildings with spectacular architecture.

At the end of 1991 the decision was made to relocate the mathematics and natural science faculties of the Humboldt University of Berlin to Adlershof. In 1998 the Department of Computer Science moved to Adlershof, followed by the Departments of Mathematics in 2000, Chemistry in 2001, and Physics, Geography and Psychology in 2003.

(From: Wikipedia, GNU-License))

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A project by
Stefan Krüskemper, office of integrative art

With the collaboration of
Karlheinz Essl and Trillian GmbH

Comissioned
Land Berlin, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung

Location
Aerodynamischer Park
Hunboldt-Universty, Campus Adlershof
Newtonstrasse 1418
D-12489 Berlin

The sound installation is open to the public day and night

Foto GBSL

Foto GBSL

Foto GBSL

Foto GBSL

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Copyright VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2006, Stefan Krüskemper, Office of Integrative Art.
Copyright 2006 for every author of this website.
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